Introduction

SESACO is the premier genetic developer, processor, and marketer of U.S. grown sesame. SESACO has used traditional breeding to develop the only non-dehiscent (ND) sesame varieties in the world (U.S. patent number 6,100,452). ND sesame changes the way sesame has been cultivated and harvested for 7,500 years.

Even today, 99% of the sesame grown in the world is still harvested manually because traditional sesame capsules shatter during the drying stage before harvest. SESACO ND varieties mature and dry standing in the field and then are harvested direct from standing plants. Traditional sesame with known traits such as drought, heat, insect, and disease tolerance is now completely mechanized by the ND genes. In 2008, SESACO released the first Improved Non-Dehiscent (IND) varieties (U.S. patent number 8,080,707).

Advantages of Growing Sesame

  • One of the most efficient crops for volumes of 6 to16 inches of plant available water.
  • A versatile crop grown in arid/semi-arid regions with unique attributes to fit almost any cropping system.
  • Offers more potential return for less cost (less risk) than other crops.
  • Can be more profitable with limited resources than other crops using the same level of resources.
  • Excellent drought and heat tolerance. Performing where other crops fail.
  • Common equipment used for other crops can be used to produce sesame.
  • Has shown excellent disease and insect tolerance and has shown to grow well in cotton root rot infested soils.
  • Relatively negligible economic damage from wild hogs, deer, and/or birds.
  • Deep tap root may reach and utilize nutrients and moisture below the root zone of other crops.

 
  • As a non-host for root-knot nematodes, rotation with sesame has shown to reduce nematode levels.
  • Adds beneficial residue not only on the surface but within the soil profile, resulting in improved tilth and topsoil protection.
  • Is a standard nation-wide program crop. No follow up crop is required to receive program payments.
  • Multi Peril Crop Insurance Pilot Program established in specific counties of Texas and Oklahoma in 2011.
  • Stretch limited water supplies by dividing acres with higher moisture demanding crops.
  • Has worked well as a catch crop option following failed wheat, canola or cotton.
  • Has not shown iron or zinc deficiencies on high pH soils.
  • Grows well in no-till and results in mellow soil with residue that allows uniform planting.
  • During the drying phase (last 30-40 days), soils may collect and store rainfall for the following crop.